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What Are the 5 Types of Composition?

Are you curious about the different types of composition and how they can enhance your writing? Look no further! In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the world of composition and discuss the five key types that every writer should know. From narrative to descriptive and persuasive to expository, each type offers its own unique set of skills and techniques. Whether you’re a seasoned writer or just starting out, this guide will provide you with a solid foundation to explore and master the art of composition. So, let’s begin our journey into the fascinating world of the five types of composition.

What Are the 5 Types of Composition?

What are the 5 types of composition

Composition, in the realm of language arts, refers to the way in which a writer organizes and structures a written text. Through careful consideration and deliberate choices, writers can create different types of compositions that serve specific purposes and evoke distinct emotions. In this article, we will explore the five types of composition commonly encountered in various writing contexts. So, let’s dive in and discover the different styles of composition!

1. Descriptive Composition

A descriptive composition aims to paint a vivid picture in the reader’s mind by appealing to the five senses. Through the use of sensory details like sight, sound, taste, smell, and touch, writers can craft a scene or experience that comes alive on the page. Whether it’s describing a serene sunset, a bustling marketplace, or a mouthwatering dish, the key is to create a sensory experience that immerses the reader in the world being depicted.

2. Narrative Composition

In a narrative composition, writers tell a story. This type of composition often employs a chronological sequence of events, following a plot structure that includes a beginning, middle, and end. It can be fictional or based on real-life experiences. Through compelling characters, engaging dialogue, and a well-developed plot, narrative compositions captivate readers and transport them into a different world.

3. Argumentative Composition

When it comes to persuasive writing, argumentative compositions take the lead. This type of composition aims to convince readers of a specific viewpoint or persuade them to take a particular action. To achieve this, writers present logical arguments supported by evidence, research, and examples. By using rhetorical devices, such as ethos, pathos, and logos, writers can effectively appeal to their readers’ emotions, credibility, and sense of reason.

4. Expository Composition

Expository composition focuses on presenting information and explaining concepts in a clear and concise manner. Whether it’s a research paper, a textbook passage, or an informative article, expository compositions provide facts, definitions, and explanations. The goal is to enhance the reader’s understanding of a particular topic by breaking down complex ideas into digestible chunks of information.

5. Persuasive Composition

Similar to argumentative compositions, persuasive compositions aim to sway the reader’s opinion or prompt them to take action. Writers employ rhetorical strategies, logical reasoning, and emotional appeals to persuade their audience. However, persuasive compositions often lack the extensive research and evidence-based arguments found in argumentative compositions. Instead, they rely more on personal anecdotes, storytelling techniques, and relatable experiences to connect with the reader on a deeper level.

Now that we have explored the five major types of composition—descriptive, narrative, argumentative, expository, and persuasive—it is clear that each style serves a unique purpose and requires specific techniques to effectively communicate with the reader. Whether you are trying to transport your audience to a different time and place or convince them to see things from your perspective, understanding these different types of composition will undoubtedly enhance your writing skills and abilities.

So, what type of composition are you most drawn to? Are you enticed by the allure of descriptive writing? Do you feel a deep connection to the power of storytelling in narrative compositions? Or are you more inclined to convince and persuade through argumentative or persuasive writing? Remember, no matter which type of composition you choose, honing your skills in each area will make you a versatile and effective writer.

In conclusion, by understanding the five types of composition—descriptive, narrative, argumentative, expository, and persuasive—you can elevate your writing to new heights, captivating readers and effectively conveying your message. So, what are you waiting for? Start experimenting with these different styles and see how they can transform your writing today!

To explore different types of musical composition, check out our comprehensive guide on types of musical composition. Discover the various styles and techniques used by composers to create captivating and unique musical pieces.

Descriptive Composition: Definition, Characteristics, and Examples


Have you ever read a piece of writing that painted such a vivid picture in your mind that you felt like you were experiencing it firsthand? That’s the power of descriptive composition. In this article, we’ll explore the definition, characteristics, and examples of descriptive composition, one of the five types of composition. So let’s dive in and discover how descriptive composition can transport readers to new worlds using the magic of words.

What is Descriptive Composition?

Descriptive composition is a form of writing that aims to communicate deeper meaning through sensory details and colorful language. While other types of composition focus on presenting information or persuading readers, descriptive composition goes beyond that. It appeals to the reader’s senses and creates a vivid and detailed image.

Characteristics of Descriptive Composition

In descriptive composition, the writer doesn’t simply tell the reader about something, but rather shows it through vivid words and sensory details. This type of writing engages the reader’s imagination, making them feel as if they are experiencing the subject themselves. Here are some key characteristics of descriptive composition:

  1. Appealing to the Senses: Descriptive composition aims to create a sensory experience for the reader by appealing to the five senses – sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch. It uses descriptive language to immerse the reader in the world being depicted.
  2. Showing, not Telling: In a descriptive composition, the writer should use illustrative language to “show” the reader the subject, rather than simply telling them about it. This helps create a more immersive experience and allows the reader to form their own mental images.
  3. Vivid and Colorful Language: Descriptive composition relies on the use of vivid and colorful language. It paints a picture through the careful selection of words, creating a rich and detailed portrayal of the subject.
  4. Engaging the Reader: Successful descriptive composition grabs hold of the reader’s attention and keeps them engaged from start to finish. It evokes emotions and sparks the reader’s imagination, making them feel a connection to the subject.

Examples of Descriptive Composition

To better understand descriptive composition, let’s explore a few examples:

  1. A Serene Beach at Sunset: As the sun dips below the horizon, casting hues of orange and pink across the sky, the gentle waves lapping against the shore create a soothing melody. The salty scent of the sea fills the air, mingling with the warm, powdery sand beneath your feet. You can almost taste the salt on your lips as you take in the serene beauty of the beach at sunset.
  2. A Bustling Street Market: The vibrant street market comes alive with a symphony of sounds and colors. The air is filled with a medley of spicy aromas, tempting your taste buds with the promise of exotic flavors. The hustle and bustle of the crowd, the calls of vendors, and the vibrant tapestry of sights make it impossible to resist getting lost in the charm of this bustling market.
  3. An Enchanting Forest: As you step into the peaceful forest, a cool breeze rustles through the leaves above, creating a gentle whisper. The earthy scent of moss and damp soil fills the air, transporting you to a world untouched by time. Sunlight filters through the dense canopy, creating dappled patterns on the forest floor and illuminating the vibrant colors of wildflowers.

These examples showcase the power of descriptive composition in taking the reader on a sensory journey and evoking emotions through words.


Descriptive composition is a captivating form of writing that appeals to the reader’s senses and creates a vivid and detailed image. By using descriptive language and sensory details, writers can transport readers to new worlds and evoke emotions. Understanding the characteristics and examples of descriptive composition can enhance your writing skills and help you create more engaging and immersive pieces. So why not give it a try? Paint pictures with words and let your readers experience the magic of descriptive composition.

Expository Composition: Definition, Characteristics, and Examples

Have you ever wondered what expository composition is and how it differs from other forms of writing? In this article, we will explore the world of expository composition, its definition, characteristics, and provide examples to help you understand this type of writing better.

Defining Expository Composition

Let’s start by defining expository composition. Expository composition is a type of writing that focuses on presenting information, explaining concepts, and providing factual evidence to support a topic or idea. Unlike other forms of writing, such as narrative or persuasive composition, expository composition aims to inform rather than entertain or convince.

Characteristics of Expository Composition

To identify expository composition, it’s essential to understand its distinguishing characteristics. Here are some key traits that define expository composition:

  • Objective and factual: Expository composition relies on facts, statistics, and evidence to support the topic being discussed. It avoids personal opinions or biases and presents information in an objective manner.
  • Logical and organized: Expository composition follows a logical structure, presenting information in a clear and organized manner. It uses headings, subheadings, and transitions to guide the reader through the content.
  • Informative and educational: Expository composition aims to educate the reader by providing valuable and accurate information. It explains complex ideas or concepts in a way that is easy to understand.
  • Well-researched and supported: Expository composition relies on credible sources and research to back up the information presented. It provides evidence in the form of examples, statistics, or expert opinions.

Examples of Expository Composition

To further illustrate expository composition, let’s explore some examples:

  • [Example 1: The Benefits of Regular Exercise]
  • Introduction: Defines the importance of exercise for physical and mental health.
  • Body: Explains the various benefits of regular exercise, such as improved cardiovascular health, increased energy levels, and reduced stress.
  • Conclusion: Summarizes the key points and reinforces the importance of incorporating exercise into one’s lifestyle.
  • [Example 2: The Impact of Climate Change on Marine Ecosystems]
  • Introduction: Provides an overview of climate change and its effects.
  • Body: Explores the specific impacts of climate change on marine ecosystems, including rising sea levels, ocean acidification, and coral bleaching.
  • Conclusion: Highlights the urgency of addressing climate change to protect marine ecosystems and encourages readers to take action.

By examining these examples, we can see how expository composition effectively presents information, explains concepts, and supports its claims with relevant evidence.

Enhancing Writing Skills with Expository Composition

Understanding the different types of composition, including expository composition, can significantly enhance your writing skills and abilities. By familiarizing yourself with the characteristics, structure, and purpose of expository composition, you will be better equipped to convey information effectively and engage your readers.

So, whether you’re writing an academic essay, a research paper, or a blog post, remember to consider the key aspects of expository composition to create clear, informative, and well-structured content.

In conclusion, expository composition is a form of writing that aims to inform, explain, and provide factual evidence. Its characteristics include objectivity, organization, and reliance on research. By examining the examples and understanding the qualities of expository composition, you can enhance your writing skills and effectively communicate information to your readers.

Persuasive Composition: Definition, Characteristics, and Examples

As a writer, it’s important to understand the different types of composition to effectively communicate your ideas and engage your audience. One type of composition that holds significant power is persuasive composition. In this article, we will explore the definition, characteristics, and examples of persuasive composition, allowing you to harness its potential and enhance your writing skills.

Definition of Persuasive Composition

Persuasive composition, also known as persuasive writing, is a form of writing where the author’s primary aim is to convince the reader to agree with their opinion or take a specific course of action. Unlike other types of composition, like descriptive or expository writing, persuasive composition relies on rhetorical strategies and emotional appeals to sway the reader’s perspective.

Characteristics of Persuasive Composition

Persuasive composition possesses several distinct characteristics that differentiate it from other forms of writing. By understanding these characteristics, you can effectively craft persuasive arguments that captivate your audience:

  1. Engaging Introductions: Persuasive compositions often begin with attention-grabbing introductions that hook the reader and establish the writer’s stance on the topic.
  2. Clear Thesis Statements: A persuasive composition typically includes a clear and concise thesis statement that states the writer’s main argument or position.
  3. Well-Researched Arguments: Writers of persuasive compositions use well-researched evidence and logical reasoning to support their claims. This can include statistics, expert opinions, case studies, and anecdotal evidence.
  4. Opposing Viewpoints: To establish credibility and address potential counterarguments, persuasive compositions acknowledge and address opposing viewpoints. This shows a comprehensive understanding of the topic and strengthens the overall argument.
  5. Emotional Appeals: Persuasive compositions often incorporate emotional appeals to evoke empathy, sympathy, or other emotions in the reader. This can be achieved through personal anecdotes, powerful imagery, or relatable stories.
  6. Logical Structure: A persuasive composition follows a logical structure that includes an introduction, body paragraphs presenting arguments and evidence, and a conclusion that reinforces the main argument.

Examples of Persuasive Composition

To provide clarity on persuasive composition, let’s explore a few examples:

Example 1: Argumentative Essay on Climate Change
In an argumentative essay on climate change, the writer presents a well-researched argument with the aim of convincing readers that immediate action is necessary to combat the environmental crisis. The essay may include scientific evidence, real-life examples, and emotional appeals, urging the readers to embrace renewable energy sources, reduce carbon emissions, and adopt sustainable practices.

Example 2: Persuasive Speech on the Importance of Voting
In a persuasive speech on the importance of voting, the speaker aims to persuade the audience to participate in political processes. By using compelling arguments, personal stories, and rhetorical devices, they highlight the significance of individual votes in shaping society and democratic values.

Example 3: Letter to the Editor Advocating for Animal Rights
In a letter to the editor advocating for animal rights, the writer employs persuasive composition techniques to convince the readers to support legislation protecting animals from cruelty. They may present factual evidence of animal abuse, emotional stories of rescued animals, and logical reasoning behind the need for stricter laws to ensure the well-being of animals.

Understanding persuasive composition can empower you to effectively communicate your ideas, shape opinions, and secure a desired outcome. By incorporating the characteristics discussed and studying various examples, you can develop persuasive composition skills that will elevate your writing to new heights.

Remember, persuasive composition possesses the power to inspire change and ignite action. So, dig deep, craft compelling arguments, and let your words work their magic!

Now, armed with a comprehensive understanding of persuasive composition, you can confidently apply these techniques to engage and persuade your audience.

What are the 5 types of composition


Q1: What are the five types of composition in the field of language arts?

A1: The five types of composition in the field of language arts are descriptive, narrative, argumentative, story writing, and picture composition.

Q2: How does composition in writing refer to the organization of a text?

A2: Composition in writing refers to the way a writer organizes a text. There are four types of writing composition: description, narration, exposition, and argumentation.

Q3: What are the common mistakes in writing?

A3: Common mistakes in writing include grammar and punctuation errors, lack of clarity and coherence, and failure to fully develop ideas.

Q4: How can one choose a topic for writing?

A4: When choosing a topic for writing, one can consider personal interests, current events, or assigned prompts.

Q5: Why is feedback important for improving writing skills?

A5: Feedback is important for improving writing skills as it provides valuable insights and perspectives. It can be sought from teachers, peers, or professional editors.

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